2. bundesliga eishockey
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Of the bottom two teams of each division which had to defend their league place the northern clubs both succeeded while the southern clubs both failed.
The league expansion of is generally explained by the fact that the German ice hockey federation, the DEB , wanted the two clubs that had finished third and failed in the promotion round in the league as they were big names, the ice hockey departments of FC Bayern and Eintracht Frankfurt.
At the end of the season, FC Bayern was relegated and soon disbanded its ice hockey department. The modus however had been changed again, all teams played a home-and-away round in a single division, 22 games each.
At the end of this, the best eight teams played another home-and-away round against each other. The championship was won for the first time by the EV Landshut, while Cologne and Frankfurt were relegated.
The —71 saw the league reduced to ten teams but the number of season games remaining at 36 per club. In this season, the league also introduced the Friday-Sunday rhythm of games, with a team playing one home and one away game per weekend, a system that would remain in place for the duration of the league and beyond.
The league modus experienced another change when, instead of ten clubs the league was expanded to eleven, courtesy to the promotion of both Berliner SC and EV Rosenheim.
The later was found to be uncompetitive in the league however, only accumulating twelve points in 40 season games and being relegated again.
It was also the last season of the Oberliga as the second division, the 2nd Bundesliga being introduced in After a year wait, the Berliner SC won another championship in —74 in a league which had returned to ten clubs and 36 season games.
The —75 seasons saw a continuation of the south-north shift of German ice hockey, with the financially strong northern clubs recruiting a large number of players from the southern ones.
In the north, another championship was won by the well-supported DEG, with Berlin coming second. At the bottom end, Kaufbeuren was replaced by Rosenheim for the next season.
The league modus unchanged in —76, the Berliner SC won its second post-war title in convincing fashion while, at the bottom, the last three clubs finished on equal points and the goals for-against had to decide who would finish on the tenth and last place and be relegated.
The team from Cologne was generally the first to be seen as bought together rather than having grown. The success of the club was brought about by the clubs chairman, Jochem Erlemann , an investment banker.
On the ice the league modus had been slightly altered again. After the 36 games of the regular round a championship- and relegation round was added.
The top six played for the championship while the bottom four played against relegation, in another home-and-away series within each group.
In the end, new club AEV was relegated from the league again, under unfortunate circumstances on the last day of the season, while a club joined the league that had never played at top level before, the EC Deilinghofen.
The SC Riessersee, often branded as a rough team, won its first championship since in the —78 season, one point ahead of Berliner SC after 46 games in an for once unchanged modus.
At the bottom of the league, Deilinghofen, who had only been promoted after 2nd Bundesliga champions ESV Kaufbeuren declined for financial reasons, was hopelessly outclassed and thirteen points behind the saving ninth place.
The —79 season saw the league expanded to twelve teams. Because of the insolvency of the Krefelder EV who dropped out of the league, the ESV Kaufbeuren was also admitted to the league while the financial collapse of the EV Rosenheim meant that the ice hockey department joined the SB Rosenheim instead, a lucky move that would soon pay off.
Apart from the financial troubles, Augsburger EV would also declare insolvency at the end of the season and drop down to the Oberliga , Mannheim and Rosenheim were also accused of fielding players without correct transfer papers.
Consequently, both clubs had points deducted but later reinstalled again. Mannheim, under coach Heinz Weisenbach , also started a trend that would soon become commonplace in the Bundesliga, to import Canadian players of German origins, the Deutschkanadier , who would be eligible to play for the West German ice hockey team and not take up any of the limited spots for foreigners per team.
On the ice, the expansion meant that the main round was reduced from four to two games per team, 22 each.
The search for the perfect modus continued in —80, with an extra round introduced after the regular season.
The twelve clubs were split into three groups of four, with the best eight overall than entering the championship round while the worst four played against relegation.
The complicated modus was blamed for Riessersee not defending its title, which went, for the first time, to the Mannheimer ERC and its Canadian-German star players.
While Mannheim was, unjustly criticised for playing them other clubs already fielded foreigners with fake passports, which would blow out the following season.
At the bottom of the league, new club Duisburger SC had no trouble saving itself in seventh place while ERC Freiburg came a distant last.
However, the season was overshadowed by one of the biggest scandals in German ice hockey. The German consulate in Edmonton, Alberta , Canada, had sent a message to the DEB highlighting that a number of Canadian ice hockey players were living and playing in Germany with fake German passports.
The DEB banned the guilty players and, eventually, deducted large amount of points from the two teams. Apart from all this, the league also found itself in a row with the television broadcasters who refused to show games of teams with advertising on their shirts, with the clubs not backing down as they could not afford to lose the sponsorship money.
The —82 season saw a recovery of the league after the scandal of the previous year and the introduction of the sudden-death format in the play-offs.
SB Rosenheim turned out to be the surprise team of the season, finishing fifth after the regular season. The team managed to reach the final where they defeated the Mannheimer ERC and took home their first ever-championship.
Of the new teams, ERC Freiburg, like two years before, could not keep up and was relegated while local rivals Schwenninger ERC came close to qualifying for the play-offs.
The league shrunk in size in —83, now having only ten teams again. A double round of home-and-away games, 36 each, was followed by the play-offs contested by the top eight.
The EV Landshut was the surprise champions, the second title for the club after On both occasions, it was due to its coach, the Czech Karel Gut.
In the —84 season, the league once more made a slight modus change, introducing a round of two groups of four between the regular season and the play-offs and skipping the quarter finals instead.
In —85 the league returned to the old system of a regular season of 36 games followed by the play-off quarter finals. The EHC Essen-West was admitted to the league to replace the ERC Freiburg, but had to little time to prepare and was heavily outclassed, finishing the season in last place, with only eight points.
The club was relegated and made room for the SV Bayreuth. After struggling against relegation for four consecutive seasons, the SC Riessersee, last of the original eight from to never have dropped out of the league, finally fell.
The club would not return to the Bundesliga again but at least made a brief top-level comeback in the DEL some years later.
The club was not competitive in the league but survived nevertheless because ECD Iserlohn folded midway.
After only one game, this was outlawed by the DEB and Iserlohn folded after the next. The Iserlohn affair also brought to the surface the tension between the clubs and the DEB , with some demanding an independent league, which would eventually materialise in In between, in that season, SB Rosenheim won its third and last national championship, after defeating the up-and-coming DEG in four matches in the finals.
The two clubs that had to enter the relegation round with the best eight from the 2nd Bundesliga, EV Landshut and EHC Freiburg, both survived and consequently were able to play in the league for another season.
The greatest change the league experienced however was a political one, the German reunion. Eventually, a compromise was reached, naming the new league 2nd Bundesliga instead.
Since , the league became the 2nd Bundesliga again, which is organized today by the Eishockeyspielbetriebsgesellschaft ESBG. As in the DEL , the clubs must undergo a strict financial examination.
Despite this fact, some clubs still found themselves in financial difficulties throughout the season and had to withdraw, like the EC Bad Nauheim in the past.
Both clubs were immediately relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga. In November , the DEL has introduced promotion to the league once more. The teams placed 15th and 16th in the DEL will play a best-of-seven series to determine which club faces the 2nd Bundesliga champion for a place in the league.
There is however an ongoing dispute about those games as second division clubs can only have five foreign players on contract and therefore face a handicap in comparison to the DEL clubs with currently twelve.
The two bottom teams in the 2nd Bundesliga are relegated to the Oberliga and the top-two Oberliga teams promoted to this league.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 15 April Neuer Modus mit Auf- und Abstieg in German ".
Kein Auf- und Abstieg in German ". Archived from the original on 19 March Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history.
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