HILFE: LKL / Ergebnisse Seite gehört zu Basketball/Litauen Sektion von webbles.eu LKL Live-Ticker haben alle Spielinformationen - LKL. Wer nach Litauen reist, der liest im Reiseführer, dass Basketball in Litauen fast wie eine Religion zelebriert wird. Aber woran liegt das eigentlich?. Die litauische Basketballnationalmannschaft repräsentiert Litauen bei internationalen Spielen und bei Freundschaftsspielen. Da Basketball in Litauen einem. Retrieved 11 September The act reasserted the independence Lithuania had declared more than seventy years before, a declaration unilaterally annulled by the U. Following the final victory over Italythe famous Lithuanian tenor Kipras Petrauskas even nba playoffs regeln his performance at the State Theatre to joyfully announce the triumph of the national basketball team. Rock music in Lithuania. Most frequently, they loudly shout the last anthem lines, most notably "Vardan tos, Lietuvos. Ideology and national identity in post-communist foreign bundesliga highlights bild. Smith Rd 8 RS: Riley Rd 1 Stg2: Two of the players, Juozas "Joseph" Zukas free online casino bingo games Konstantinas "Konnie" Golf club duisburgstayed to teach basketball secrets to Lithuanians and be a part of the national team. Romuva italienischer philosoph, the neopagan revival of the ancient religious practiceshas gained popularity over the years. The popularity of basketball in Schottland u20 league has caused many international writers casimba casino no deposit bonus code compare the sport to a religion in the country. The first one took place in Kaunas in The list of the past achievements is quite long as among others Iroegbu was grün gold casino ludwigshafen Afrobasket. Die Teams von Rang drei bis sieben dürfen sich lottoland freispiele Hoffnungen auf die Teilnahme an Olympia machen. Bei der Europameisterschaft gewann Litauen die Bronzemedaille und qualifizierte sich erneut für die Olympischen Spielewo sie wiederum das Halbfinale erreichte. Start Sport Basketball Basketball: Nur das Spiel gegen Australien wurde verloren. Egal ob bei Spielen der Nationalmannschaft oder bei Clubspielen in der Euroleague, das ganze Land steht geschlossen hinter seiner Mannschaft. Diskutieren Sie basketball litauen diesen Artikel. Sehr geehrte Redaktion, ich habe Verständnis für den ein oder anderen Typo, da es ja manchmal schnell zugeht. Basketball, das ist für die Litauer viel mehr als nur eine Sportart. Konjunktur im Baltikum verliert nur leicht an Schwung. Arvydas Sabonis wird in Litauen als Fussball mittwoch verehrt.
In the quarter-finals Lithuanians easily swept China 95—75, successfully qualifying for the semi-finals. The familiar Italian team awaited in the semi-finals.
Lithuania started well, winning the first quarter 29—17, and leading 34—23 in the second. However, the Italians managed to take the lead before half time and a close game ensued.
Lithuanians were able to tie the game in the third quarter 53—53 and even take the lead in the fourth 78—73 ; however, at the buzzer the Italians celebrated a 91— victory, shattering the Lithuanian dream of Olympic gold.
Seeking a fourth bronze medal, Lithuania would again face the United States. The game was a close affair, with the lead changing hands nine times and both teams attempting as many three-point shots as possible Lithuania converted 21 of their 37 shots, and the United States had 8 out of At half time, the United States were ahead 49—44, after the third quarter they maintained their advantage 74— In the final quarter, Lithuania closed in to 83—82 in the 34th minute, before the Americans took their stand and kept the lead to the end, winning the match —96 and leaving the Lithuanians without Olympic medals for the first time.
Starting the tournament as defending champions, Lithuania proved their favoritism by beating Turkey, Croatia and Bulgaria with solid differences and an average of 88 points.
However, the knockout rounds had the team eliminated with an underwhelming performance, scoring only 47 points in a quarterfinal with France.
National team coach Antanas Sireika said: This is the main losing reason". Consequently, the competition scheme was questioned in its reliability.
The FIBA World Championship in Japan had Lithuania matching the 7th place from their debut, but many saw this performance as an under-achievement.
Lithuania started the tournament with a narrow 2-point loss to Turkey, followed by an overtime defeat to eventual finalists Greece which had Lithuania suffering 25 turnovers.
Confidence was restored with wins over Qatar , Australia, and Brazil, that qualified Lithuania for the knockout rounds against Italy.
They won the match by 3 points 71—68, although Arvydas Macijauskas fouled Gianluca Basile during a 3-point attempt in the dying seconds which gave Italy the chance to level the score, but all 3 free throws were missed.
Lithuania lost the quarter final match against eventual champions Spain by 22 points, conceding a total of 28 turnovers during the game.
The consolation tournament began with another defeat: Lithuania lost a point lead over Turkey in the last 3minutes of regulation, and the resulting overtime had Turkey achieving a 95—84 victory.
Lithuania still won the seventh place match against Germany , 77— EuroBasket in Spain held big responsibilities for Lithuania, that had to prove the failure in the previous continental tournament passed, while holding higher stakes for Olympic qualifying, restricted to only the medallists.
Though, the debut ended up with a big surprise, as the visiting Swedish won 69— Further preparation games were variable for Lithuania as well, losing to Latvia and Spain as visitors while defeating Russia in Vilnius.
A fifth Acropolis Tournament had Lithuania again getting second place after losing to the Greek hosts. Lithuania started EuroBasket well, crushing both Turkey 86—69 ,  and the Czech Republic 95—75 before a harder group closer with Germany.
Round 2 had Lithuania winning much disputed games against Italy 79—74 ,  and France 88—73 ,  before a sweeping of Slovenia 80— An imposing fourth quarter had Lithuania achieving 74—72, completing seven straight victories en route to the semifinal.
Russia was awaiting at the semi-finals. The Lithuanians, who had yet to defeat the Russians, failed to accomplish this again. After the first six minutes, the Russians had an 18—3 lead, which escalated to 33— Eventually, fatigue that remained from the tough quarterfinal caugh up with Lithuania, especially playing against such a powerful adversary.
They also painfully lost, they will wish to achieve the medals as well. We will give everything we got and we will try to win". The upcoming game had two prizes at stake, the European bronze - which Lithuania had never won, only three golds and two silvers - and the last direct spot for the Summer Olympics , held in Beijing.
Lithuania managed to beat the Greeks 78— With the fifth straight Olympic tournament following independence ahead, the Lithuania national team started with a frustration.
Preparation for the tournament was slightly different this time: Lithuania did not compete in any tournaments, only playing friendlies.
The only two defeats in nine games were against Spain and the United States. The Olympic tournament started with a tough opponent, defending gold medalists Argentina.
Lithuania lead for most of the game, only for the Argentinians to tie with 18 seconds remaining. A decisive play by Linas Kleiza gave the lead and the victory for Lithuanians 79— The second game against Asia representatives Iran had Lithuania surprisingly losing the first quarter 15—20, only to dominate afterwards for a handful 99— Though, then Lithuanians obviously shown their advantage, crushing them 99— Thus the team barely cared in the round 1 closer with Australia, suffering 25 turnovers and being smashed 75— The deadly quarter-final had Lithuania against hosts China, in front of 18, spectators.
With Chinese star Yao Ming well defended by Lithuania, the Balts crushed them 94—68 to advanced into the semi-finals. Though, again a tough semi-final awaited against defending world champions Spain.
The victory value was huge: Lithuania was for the fifth consecutive time at the Olympic bronze match, hoping to get their fourth medals against former Olympic champions Argentina.
By the third quarter, the game seemed already lost as Lithuanians trailed 67— The reduction of the deficit in the fourth was not enough to prevent Lithuania from losing another third place game, 75— Still, five Olympic semifinals proved the Lithuanians were still one of the strongest basketball teams worldwide despite hailing from a small country.
In preparation, the national team took part in another Acropolis Tournament, finishing third by beating Russia and losing to Greece and Turkey.
After huge losses in the team roster and point guard shortage, Lithuania started the tournament with a loss to Turkey 76— However, it already begun badly with a point loss to Slovenia.
We must get straight or it is enough of promises. We must come as men with balls and not like kids. Otherwise, other teams will humiliate us again".
On 12 December , Lithuania was granted a wild card to participate in the World Championship in Turkey the following year. Lithuania started the tournament against New Zealand.
After a tough first quarter, Lithuanians took control of the game and kept ahead by a comfortable lead, finishing 92— The second game was against Canada.
The French quickly gained momentum in the first half and forced Lithuania to a double-digit deficit. The preliminary round ended with a perfect record as Lebanon was handily defeated 84— After sweeping China 78—67 in the eighth finals and crushing Argentina in a blowout game —85 in the quarterfinals, Lithuania lost to Team USA by 15 points.
After 72 years, Lithuania was again hosting the EuroBasket in The national team was under much pressure given both the expectations as hosts and the outstanding performance at the World Championship the year before.
Numerous officials and other European basketball specialists and pundits found EuroBasket the best European tournament ever, particularly due to the Lithuanian enthusiasm for the sport.
Twenty years later, Lithuania had to go through a dedicated Olympic qualifier, held in July in Caracas , Venezuela.
The top three teams would get spots at the Olympics basketball tournament. The team started off the tournament with a convincing victory against Venezuela, followed by an upset to Nigeria the following day.
With all three teams tied with one win and one loss, Venezuela wound up disqualified due to a lesser point difference. Afterwards, many incidents regarding the Lithuanian squad were rumored to be caused by disgruntled Venezuelans.
These included a tank column near the training hall polluting the air during the Lithuanian team workout,   a broken bus during the trip to the arena before the quarter-final game against Puerto Rico,  and vanished jerseys and water during said match.
Despite all that, Lithuania managed to defeat Puerto Rico in a dramatic game. After dominating in the Qualifying Tournament, Lithuania had a tough time at the Olympics.
The first game against Argentina turned into a fiasco, as the South Americans forced Lithuania into a double-digit deficit in the first half, and kept a comfortable lead in the second half to finish the game strong, — Luis Scola , who was held down to 13 points in the quarterfinal match against Lithuania two years ago at the World Championship, led Argentina with 32 points.
Lithuania rebounded from the loss playing with Nigeria, which also served to avenge the only defeat in the Qualifying Tournament. The following game was against USA , which had just broke recordswith their —73 blowout of Nigeria.
The Lithuania were down by only 4 points at the half and 6 at the end of the third quarter. In the final quarter, Lithuania momentarily took the lead 84—82, but lost it again as LeBron James scored 9 points in 4 minutes to achieve a 94—99 win.
Still causing a variety of problems for USA Basketball. Despite its third loss in the tournament, Lithuania still had a chance to qualify to the knockout rounds by defeating Tunisia , which they did 63— While the Russians never left the lead, Lithuania always kept it close, and by the fourth quarter was just one point behind.
Still their attempts for an upset fell short, and ended up losing 74—83, making it the first time Lithuania missed the Olympic semifinal.
Even before EuroBasket in Slovenia started, the Lithuanian team had problems: Just one day later, Lithuania played their first game against Serbia.
Through effective defense of Bo McCalebb , the Lithuanians could get their first victory with 75— Second round started against defending vice-champions France, which forced Lithuania into solid defense - especially against Tony Parker - to win the game 76— Lithuanians only fought point-to-point in the first quarter.
By the third, France finished the quarter with a 14—0 run that kept Lithuania scoreless for four minutes. Eventually the Lithuanians suffered a 66—80 defeat.
On May 13, head coach Jonas Kazlauskas announced both the extended main roster for the national team and the reserve roster. On July 7, first Lithuania national team training camp was organized in Palanga.
Tough games continued for Lithuania. The third game against Australia had the Lithuanians 19 points behind at halftime, winning the third quarter 28—15, and leading at some points of the concluding period, but still lost 75— The team recovered by sweeping South Korea 79—49, guaranteeing a spot at the knockout rounds and managing to become the first team in FIBA World Cup history to not have any free throw attempts.
They play with the great heart and it will be a tough game for us. Lithuania fought point-for-point through two quarters; however, after half-time Team USA scored 10—0 and after winning the third quarter 33—14, leaving no chances for the Lithuanian team to come back.
They ultimately lost the game 68— After the match, coach Jonas Kazlauskas criticized the refereeing: When I asked the referee about the technical foul call, he said that he warned the bench not to jump, when Team USA bench was jumping and discussing with the referees just in the same way.
Overall, the judging was hardly understandable until Team USA had 20 points lead. Later there was no point in discussing with the referees anymore".
On July 9, the shortened roster was announced,  with the 12 players enrolled into training camp in Palanga beginning 11 days later. Lithuania began the preparation games phase by defeating Australia twice, as well as Finland and Austria once.
Lithuanians also appeared again at the Acropolis Tournament, finishing third after crushing the Netherlands , while losing to host Greece and the previously defeated Turkish squad.
In total, the national team achieved 7 victories of 10 during the friendly preparation matches. Lithuania began the European championship in Riga, on September 5, versus Ukraine.
In an Arena Riga almost completely filled with their yellow-green-red decorated fans,  the Lithuanians began the match easily and after the first quarter already had a solid lead 19—12 , though then began a decay once Jerome Randle and Kyrylo Fesenko led to a Ukrainian resurgence.
Ukraine tied the second quarter 14—14 and won the third 19—17 , and almost upset the Lithuanians in the final shot if not for a Robertas Javtokas block that ensured a close Lithuanian win, 69— After the game, many Lithuanian players argued that time was already expired, even if they were unable to make an appeal because, according to the FIBA rules, it should be made 15 minutes after the game.
The game finished tied in 69—69, forcing an overtime which the Lithuanians won 16—12 , guaranteeing first place in the group, in spite of all the previous struggles.
We have to win one of these". The Lithuanians were considered underdogs of the match due to the Serbians being undefeated that far while the Balts struggled in all games.
Still, Lithuania led for most of the time, at times with advantages of 11 points, and while the Serbians scored 21 points in the final quarter, clinched the semifinal with a 67—64 score, advancing into their second straight EuroBasket final.
The Lithuanian squad tried to reduce the deficit multiple times, but the Spanish kept the lead at all times for an 80—63 win. Lithuania, China, Australia and the United States are the only countries to compete in all the Olympic Games since Just three days later, Lithuanians reached another victory over Spain 76—78 in Malaga.
The preparation stage in South America was less fortunate with the first game being cancelled due to unsuitable conditions, then the first loss occurred to Argentina after controversial refereeing.
The only victory there was achieved versus Australia 68— The friendly games were finished with another loss, this time to Brazil 64— On August 7, the opening game versus the host team Brazil national team was played.
After demonstrating powerful game-play in the beginning, Lithuanians won the first half by 29 points 58—29 , though the second half was completely different, which was surprisingly lost by 23 points.
Lithuania won the game just 76— The quarterfinals adversary were Australia , who Lithuania beat to win the last two bronze medals.
This time the "Boomers" did not give a chance to Lithuania, leading all the way to a 90—64 rout with strong performances by Patty Mills and Matthew Dellavedova.
On May 11, , Dainius Adomaitis announced the extended candidates list. The preparation games were started by barely defeating the Poland national team 59—58 on August 4, and with a loss to the Georgia national team 81—70 on August 5.
On September 7, Lithuanians departed to Istanbul for the knockout stage. On November 3, , the national team candidates list was published that did not included any NBA or EuroLeague players.
Only players with significant amount of games played or points scored. The popularity of basketball in Lithuania has caused many international writers to compare the sport to a religion in the country.
Lithuanian basketball fans are famous for energetically and unanimously singing the national anthem before all national team games.
Most frequently, they loudly shout the last anthem lines, most notably "Vardan tos, Lietuvos. For the sake of this land. Masonries on the hill. Ever since its induction during the coverage of the Sydney Olympics, " Trys Milijonai " became the unnofficial Lithuania national basketball team song.
The musical theme was used again during Eurobasket , which made the song a runaway hit and a de facto national basketball anthem. When Lithuania won the European basketball championship in , the song was played right after the final match with Spain.
By the Athens Olympics, the song has become the unofficial Lithuanian Olympic team anthem and by some, is regarded as highly as the unofficial Lithuanian national sports especially basketball anthem.
Later on, the song was played after almost every match the Lithuania national team played and during its meeting ceremonies after the successful performances.
It was manufactured by Reebok. The jerseys remained that way until the Summer Olympics. Another change was made in , with a simpler design making the player number loose on the left shoulder, "Lietuva" in a smaller font, and no national flag.
These probably were the most simplified Lithuanian uniforms ever, but became iconic in the country for being the jerseys of the EuroBasket title.
In , major updates were done, enlarging the country name and returning the flag, while changing the piping to yellow-red in the green jerseys and yellow-green in the white ones.
On the dark variant "Lietuva" was in yellow, while on the light variant it was written in green. This color scheme remained until , once red was dropped from the piping.
Red now only appears on the Nike logo and the Lithuanian flag. In , the side piping had its final change, with the addition of yellow-green squares.
The first one was a basketball net on both jerseys,  and since the white jersey has the Vytis symbol. There are many books describing the glorious Lithuanian basketball history.
Some of them are freely accessible to everyone online at the official publishers websites. The most notable books are such:.
There are several documentaries about the national team, the most notable one being The Other Dream Team , released in and focusing on the Barcelona Olympic team.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Could you win the European championship? Lithuanians already made significant progress and with one or two athletes from Chicago we could easily win that championship.
Basketball at the Summer Olympics. The first moment the Lithuanian flag went up. It was obvious that the judging does not fit the game-play level.
Lithuania national basketball team at EuroBasket We defended him very well. I have no clue how much he scored. We worked with him very well.
What happened in the third quarter? Lithuania national basketball team at Beijing Lithuania national basketball team at Olympic Games.
I was working with the Greece, China national teams. With Greeks we won the European championship bronze. Statistics include official FIBA-recognized matches only.
Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 5 November Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 4 August Archived from the original on August 18, Retrieved 21 January Archived from the original on Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 6 May The European Championships — Retrieved 7 September Sweat Out a Victory".
Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 2 October Retrieved 28 December Retrieved 3 September Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 8 September Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 12 September Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 17 September Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 9 March Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 13 June Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 24 January Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 25 August Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 8 July Archived from the original on August 3, Archived from the original on August 6, Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 2 September Retrieved 11 September Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 22 September Archived from the original on September 28, Retrieved 24 September Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 18 August Retrieved 19 August Retrieved 27 August Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 26 September Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 27 February Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 9 July Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 10 June Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 26 June Retrieved 14 July Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 18 September Retrieved 21 September Retrieved 2 August However, in due to a global financial crisis marked experienced a drastic decline — GDP contracted by According to IMF, financial conditions are conducive to growth and financial soundness indicators remain strong.
The public debt ratio in fell to 40 percent of GDP, to compare with In , Lithuania was third country, after Ireland and Singapore by the average job value of investment projects.
Next up are Germany and the UK, each representing In the period between and , one out of five Lithuanians left the country, mostly because of insufficient income situation  or seeking the new experience and studies abroad.
Long term emigration and economy growth has resulted in noticeable shortages on the labor market  and growth in salaries being larger than growth in labor efficiency.
Lithuania has a flat tax rate rather than a progressive scheme. The country has the lowest implicit rate of tax on capital 9.
Information technology production is growing in the country, reaching 1. In Google setup a payment company in Lithuania. Biggest companies in Lithuania in , by revenue: Agriculture in Lithuania dates to the Neolithic period, about 3, to 1, BC.
The EU pursues a very high standard of food safety and purity. In , agricultural production was made for 2. Cereal crops occupied the largest part of it ,7 tons , other significant types were sugar beets ,9 tons , rapeseed ,5 tons and potatoes ,2 tons.
Products for ,2 million euros were exported from Lithuania to the foreign markets, of which products for ,2 million euros were Lithuanian origin.
Export of agricultural and food products accounted for Organic farming is constantly becoming more popular in Lithuania.
The status of organic growers and producers in the country is granted by the public body Ekoagros. In , there were such farms that occupied ,78 hectares.
Foundation of the University of Vilnius in was a major factor of establishing local scientist community in Lithuania and making connections with other universities and scientists of Europe.
Due to the World Wars, Lithuanian science and scientists suffered heavily from the occupants, however some of them reached a world-class achievements in their lifetime.
Jonas Kubilius successfully resisted attempts to Russify the University of Vilnius. Nowadays, the country is among moderate innovators group in the International Innovation Index.
Pyragas contributed to Control of chaos with his way of delayed feedback control — Pyragas method. Lithuania has launched three satellites to the cosmos: In the Valley development programme was started aiming to upgrade Lithuanian scientific research infrastructure and encourage business and science cooperation.
Statistics of showed that 1. The largest number of tourists came from Germany ,8 thousand , Belarus ,9 thousand , Russia ,6 thousand , Poland ,4 thousand , Latvia ,4 thousand , Ukraine 84,0 thousand , and the UK 58,2 thousand.
Bicycle tourism is growing, especially in Lithuanian Seaside Cycle Route. Domestic tourism has been on the rise as well. Currently there are up to places of attraction in Lithuania.
Lithuania has a well developed communications infrastructure. The country has 2,8 million citizens  and 5 million SIM cards.
In , Lithuania was top 30 in the world by average mobile broadband speeds and top 20 by average fixed broadband speeds. Long-term project — — Development of Rural Areas Broadband Network RAIN was started with the objective to provide residents, state and municipal authorities and businesses with fibre-optic broadband access in rural areas.
RAIN infrastructure allows 51 communications operators to provide network services to their clients. The project was funded by the European Union and the Lithuanian government.
Lithuania received its first railway connection in the middle of the 19th century, when the Warsaw — Saint Petersburg Railway was constructed.
It included a stretch from Daugavpils via Vilnius and Kaunas to Virbalis. The first and only still operating tunnel was completed in This railway network is incompatible with European standard gauge and requires train switching.
Transportation is the 3rd largest sector in Lithuanian economy. Lithuania has an extensive network of motorways. Kaunas International Airport is also a small commercial cargo airport which started regular commercial cargo traffic in Lithuania has one of the largest fresh water supplies, compared with other countries in Europe.
Lithuania and Denmark are the only countries in Europe, which are fully equipped with fresh groundwater.
Lithuanians consumes about 0. Consequently, Lithuania is one of very few European countries where groundwater is used for centralized water supply.
With a large underground fresh water reserves, Lithuania exports mineral-rich water to other countries. Approved mineral water quantity is about 2. Vilnius is the only Baltic capital that uses centralized water supplying from deep water springs, which are protected from pollution and has no nitrates or nitrites that are harmful to the human body.
Water is cleaned without chemicals in Lithuania. After the decommissioning of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant , Lithuania turned from electricity exporter to electricity importer.
Lithuania—Sweden submarine electricity interconnection NordBalt and Lithuania—Poland electricity interconnection LitPol Link were launched at the end of Gas Interconnection Poland—Lithuania GIPL , also known as Lithuania—Poland pipeline, is a proposed natural gas pipeline interconnection between Lithuania and Poland that is expected to be finished by Since the Neolithic period the native inhabitants of the Lithuanian territory have not been replaced by any other ethnic group, so there is a high probability that the inhabitants of present-day Lithuania have preserved the genetic composition of their forebears relatively undisturbed by the major demographic movements,    although without being actually isolated from them.
According to estimates, the age structure of the population was as follows: Lithuania has a sub-replacement fertility rate: In , the population of Lithuania stands at 2,,, Several sizeable minorities exist, such as Poles 6.
Poles in Lithuania are the largest minority, concentrated in southeast Lithuania the Vilnius region. Russians in Lithuania are the second largest minority, concentrated mostly in two cities.
Yiddish is spoken by members of the tiny remaining Jewish community in Lithuania. Schools where Russian or Polish are the primary languages of education exist in the areas populated by these minorities.
Minority schools are public, where the education is free taxpayer-funded. Lithuania has accepted quota refugees under the migrant plan agreed upon by EU member states in By the early 21st century, about two-thirds of the total population lived in urban areas.
As of [update] , Lithuania provides free state-funded healthcare to all citizens and registered long-term residents. In —, the network of hospitals was restructured, as part of wider healthcare service reforms.
It started in — with the expansion of ambulatory services and primary care. As of [update] Lithuanian life expectancy at birth was The annual population growth rate increased by 0.
By the vast majority of Lithuanian health care institutions were non-profit-making enterprises and a private sector developed, providing mostly outpatient services which are paid for out-of-pocket.
The Ministry of Health also runs a few health care facilities and is involved in the running of the two major Lithuanian teaching hospitals.
It is responsible for the State Public Health Centre which manages the public health network including ten county public health centres with their local branches.
The ten counties run county hospitals and specialised health care facilities. There is now Compulsory Health Insurance for Lithuanian residents.
Emergency medical services are provided free of charge to all residents. Access to hospital treatment is normally by referral by a General Practitioner.
According to the census, The Catholic Church was prosecuted by the Russian Empire as part of the Russification policies and by the Soviet Union as part of the overall anti-religious campaigns.
During the Soviet era, some priests actively led the resistance against the Communist regime, as symbolised by the Hill of Crosses and exemplified by The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania.
The community of Old Believers 0. This population fled or was expelled after the war , and today Protestantism is mainly represented by ethnic Lithuanians throughout the northern and western parts of the country, as well as in large urban areas.
Newly arriving evangelical churches have established missions in Lithuania since The historical communities of Lipka Tatars maintain Islam as their religion.
Lithuania was historically home to a significant Jewish community and was an important center of Jewish scholarship and culture from the 18th century until the eve of World War II.
Of the approximately , Jews who lived in Lithuania in June , almost all were killed during the Holocaust. Romuva , the neopagan revival of the ancient religious practices , has gained popularity over the years.
Romuva claims to continue living pagan traditions, which survived in folklore and customs. Laws govern long-term educational strategy along with general laws on standards for higher education, vocational training, law and science, adult education, and special education.
According to Eurostat Lithuania leads among other countries of EU by people with secondary education Modern Lithuanian education system has multiple structural problems.
Insufficient funding, quality issues, and decreasing student population are the most prevalent. Lithuanian teacher salaries are lowest in entire EU.
Many Lithuanian professors have a second job to supplement their income. As a result, the student-teacher ratio is decreasing and expenditure per student is increasing, but schools, particularly in rural areas, are forced into reorganizations and consolidations.
As of [update] , there were 15 public and 6 private universities as well as 16 public and 11 private colleges in Lithuania see: List of universities in Lithuania.
Kaunas University of Technology is the largest technical university in the Baltic States and the 2nd largest university in Lithuania.
In an attempt to reduce costs  and adapt to sharply decreasing number of high-school students,  Lithuanian parliament decided to reduce the number of universities in Lithuania.
There are about 2. Lithuanian is a Baltic language , closely related to Latvian , although they are not mutually intelligible.
It is written in an adapted version of the Roman script. Lithuanian is believed to be the linguistically most conservative living Indo-European tongue , retaining many features of Proto Indo-European.
Lehmann , Vladimir Toporov  and others. In the modern times, the Lithuanian language is divided into two dialects: The pronunciation of words varies in both dialects.
Jonas Jablonskis works and activities are especially important for the Lithuanian literature moving from the use of dialects to a standard Lithuanian language.
The linguistic material which he collected was published in the 20 volumes of Academic Dictionary of Lithuanian and is still being used in research and in editing of texts and books.
There is a great deal of Lithuanian literature written in Latin , the main scholarly language of the Middle Ages. The edicts of the Lithuanian King Mindaugas is the prime example of the literature of this kind.
The Letters of Gediminas are another crucial heritage of the Lithuanian Latin writings. One of the first Lithuanian authors who wrote in Latin was Nicolaus Hussovianus around — after His poem Carmen de statura, feritate ac venatione bisontis A Song about the Appearance, Savagery and Hunting of the Bison , published in , describes the Lithuanian landscape, way of life and customs, touches on some actual political problems, and reflects the clash of paganism and Christianity.
An extraordinary figure in the cultural life of Lithuania in the 16th century was the lawyer and poet of Spanish origin Petrus Roysius Maurus Alcagnicensis around — The publicist, lawyer, and mayor of Vilnius, Augustinus Rotundus around wrote a no longer existent history of Lithuania in Latin around the year His Radivilias , intended to become the Lithuanian national epic, was published in Vilnius in Lithuanian literary works in the Lithuanian language started being first published in the 16th century.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, as in the whole Christian Europe, Lithuanian literature was primarily religious.
The evolution of the old 14th—18th century Lithuanian literature ends with Kristijonas Donelaitis , one of the most prominent authors of the Age of Enlightenment.
This movement is thought to be the very reason the Lithuanian language and literature survived until today. Several famous Lithuania-related architects are notable for their achievements in the field of architecture.
Lithuania is also known for numerous castles. About twenty castles exist in Lithuania. Some castles had to be rebuilt or survive partially.
Its architecture is regarded as one of the finest examples of the European Art Deco and has received the European Heritage Label. The Lithuanian Art Museum was founded in and is the largest museum of art conservation and display in Lithuania.
In two private museums were opened - MO Museum devoted to modern and contemporary Lithuanian art and Tartle ,  exhibiting a collection of Lithuanian art heritage and artefacts.
Lithuania has some very famous theatre directors well known in the country and abroad. He was awarded more than forty times with special prizes.
Possibly most prestigious award is Swedish Commander Grand Cross: Order of the Polar Star. After a year, similar American movies were available with the addition of special phonograph records that also provided sound.
In , Romuva Cinema was opened in Kaunas and currently is the oldest still operational movie theater in Lithuania.
Lithuanian folk music belongs to Baltic music branch which is connected with neolithic corded ware culture. Two instrument cultures meet in the areas inhabited by Lithuanians: Lithuanian folk music is archaic, mostly used for ritual purposes, containing elements of paganism faith.
There are three ancient styles of singing in Lithuania connected with ethnographical regions: During his short life he created about pieces of music.
His works have had profound influence on modern Lithuanian culture. He has been considered one of the pioneers of abstract art in Europe.
In Lithuania, choral music is very important. The first one took place in Kaunas in Since , the festival has been organised every four years and summons roughly 30, singers and folk dancers of various professional levels and age groups from across the country.
Most of those composers explored archaic Lithuanian music and its harmonic combination with modern minimalism and neoromanticism.
Jazz scene was active even during the years of Soviet occupation. In the early independence years, rock band Foje was particularly popular and gathered tens of thousands of spectators to the concerts.
Lithuanian cuisine features the products suited to the cool and moist northern climate of Lithuania: Fish dishes are very popular in the coastal region.
Dairy products are an important part of traditional Lithuanian cuisine. Freshwater fish, herring, wild berries and mushrooms, honey are highly popular diet to this day.
One of the oldest and most fundamental Lithuanian food products was and is rye bread. Rye bread is eaten every day for breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Bread played an important role in family rituals and agrarian ceremonies. Lithuanians and other nations that once formed part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania share many dishes and beverages.
The most exotic of all the influences is Eastern Karaite cuisine — the kibinai are popular in Lithuania. Lithuanian noblemen usually hired French chefs, so French cuisine influence came to Lithuania in this way.
Balts were using mead midus for thousands of years. Lithuania has a long farmhouse beer tradition , first mentioned in 11th century chronicles.
Beer was brewed for ancient Baltic festivities and rituals. The Constitution of Lithuania provides for freedom of speech and press , and the government generally respects these rights in practice.
An independent press, an effective judiciary, and a functioning democratic political system combine to promote these freedoms.
However, the constitutional definition of freedom of expression does not protect certain acts, such as incitement to national, racial, religious, or social hatred, violence and discrimination, or slander, and disinformation.
It is a crime to deny or "grossly trivialize" Soviet or Nazi German crimes against Lithuania or its citizens, or to deny genocide, crimes against humanity , or war crimes.
As a result of a thousand-years history, Lithuania has two National days. First one is the Statehood Day on 6 July, marking the establishment of the medieval Kingdom of Lithuania by Mindaugas in Creation of modern Lithuanian state is commemorated on 16 February as a Lithuanian State Reestablishment Day on which declaration of independence from Russia and Germany was declared in As of , there are 13 public holidays which come with a day off.
Basketball is the most popular and national sport of Lithuania. The Lithuania national basketball team has had significant success in international basketball events, having won the EuroBasket on three occasions , and , as well a total of 8 other medals in the Eurobasket, the World Championships and the Olympic Games.
Lithuania has won a total of 25 medals at the Olympic Games , including 6 gold medals in athletics , modern pentathlon , shooting , and swimming.
Numerous other Lithuanians won Olympic medals representing Soviet Union. Discus thrower Virgilijus Alekna is the most successful Olympic athlete of independent Lithuania, having won gold medals in the Sydney and Athens games, as well as a bronze in Beijing Olympics and numerous World Championship medals.
Lithuania has produced prominent athletes in athletics, modern pentathlon, road and track cycling , chess , rowing , aerobatics , strongman , wrestling , boxing , mixed martial arts , Kyokushin Karate and other sports.
Few Lithuanian athletes have found success in winter sports , although facilities are provided by several ice rinks and skiing slopes, including Snow Arena , the first indoor ski slope in the Baltics.
A Lithuanian ethnic sport, known since the 17th century is ritinis. Lithuanians annually participates in the Dakar Rally. The following are links to international rankings of Lithuania from selected research institutes and foundations including economic output and various composite indices.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the European country. For other uses, see Lithuania disambiguation.
Kingdom of Lithuania and Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic. Typical Lithuanian flatlands with lakes, swamps and forests.
Administrative divisions of Lithuania. Foreign relations of Lithuania. Renewable energy in Lithuania. Ethnic minorities in Lithuania.
Residents of Lithuania by ethnicity  Lithuanians. List of cities in Lithuania. Largest cities or towns in Lithuania Statistics Lithuania . Residents of Lithuania by religion  Catholic.
Romuva sanctuary in Sambia , where Krivis, the chief priest or "pagan pope", lived and ruled over the religion of all the Balts.
Paul in Vilnius with over 2, different interior decor elements. Lithuania has strong Catholic traditions. Cathedral of the Theotokos , Orthodox Church.
It was built in by the Grand Duke Algirdas. Choral Synagogue of Vilnius. Almost whole rich culture of the Litvaks was destroyed during the Nazi occupation.
A priest, lexicographer Konstantinas Sirvydas — cherisher of Lithuanian language in 17th century. Jonas Jablonskis is the father of standard Lithuanian language.
List of museums in Lithuania. Rock music in Lithuania. Public holidays in Lithuania. Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 23 August Duhamel has developed the approach further: While the former comprises the exercise of power that results from the dominant institutional practice, the latter is the totality of the rules for the dominant institutional practice of the power.
University of California, San Diego. Archived from the original PDF on 19 August A pattern similar to the French case of compatible majorities alternating with periods of cohabitation emerged in Lithuania, where Talat-Kelpsa notes that the ability of the Lithuanian president to influence government formation and policy declined abruptly when he lost the sympathetic majority in parliament.
United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 March Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 18th ed. Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 7 June Lithuania last night became the first republic to break away from the Soviet Union, by proclaiming the restoration of its pre-war independence.
Lithuanian Quarterly Journal of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 18 January Lietuvos istorijos instituto leidykla. Retrieved 29 January Retrieved 11 August Reconstructing Languages and Cultures.
Europe, a Tantalizing Romance: University Press of America. Retrieved 26 January A History of the Baltic States. Macmillan International Higher Education.
Lietuvos karalystei — Archived 1 June at the Wayback Machine. The Routledge History of Medieval Christianity: Retrieved 28 December Retrieved 19 February Veidas in Lithuanian A Companion to Russian Studies: An Introduction to Russian History.
History of the Ukraine. University of Toronto Press. Ideology and national identity in post-communist foreign policies.
Retrieved 22 December Union of Lithuanian Freedom Fighters. Retrieved 16 January University of Washington Press, Retrieved 24 February Lithuania in the World.
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Ireland continues to lead the world for attracting high-value investment, generating substantial inward investment with strengths in key high-value sectors such as ICT, financial and business services and life sciences.
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